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Home >> Beijing Travel Attractions >> Badaling Great Wall

Badaling Great Wall

Badaling Great Wall
Beijing Badaling Great Wall
Badaling Great Wall

The Great Wall takes about an hour's drive from the city district to reach the wall located northwest of Beijing. The section was built on the Badaling Mountains over 1,000 meters above sea level. Juyongguan Pass, one of many such gates along the wall, guards the Badaling mountain pass. The wall, posing a strategic barrier, extends into the distance in both directions from this pass along the mountain ridges.

Construction of the wall began in the seventh century B.C. when separate feudal states in northern China built barriers against invasions by neighbouring states along their borders and when three fairly large ducal states, Yan, Zhao, and Qin, built walls on their northern borders, to ward off incursions by slave owners among a nomadic nationality known as Xiongnu. In the third century B.C. when Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of Qin, unified China, he had the separate sections of walls linked together to form the basis of the present Great Wall. Repairs during successive dynasties finally put the wall into its present form in the Ming Dynasty. Starting from Shanhaiguan Pass at Bohai Bay in the east end, the wall rises and falls, twists and turns along the mountains, crossing valleys, traversing Hebei, Beijing, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia and Gansu, running over 6,700 kilometres before reaching Jiayuguan Pass at the west end.

The magnitude of the engineering feat of construction of the Great Wall is even more impressive considering that it was not simply built with earth but with finely trimmed stones and grey bricks. The wall averaged 7.8 metres in height and 5.8 metres in width at the top-wide enough for five horses or 18 people to walk along it abreast. One estimate has it that 180 million cubic metres of packed earth and 60 million cubic metres of bricks were used to construct the wall. Just to move these materials up to the worksite along the meandering mountain paths was an extremely difficult task, let alone manufacturing the bricks.

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